A venue for invited and local speakers to present their research on topics surrounding algebraic geometry and number theory, broadly conceived. All meetings start at 14:10 sharp and end at 15:10. Meetings are held in the subterranean room -101. We expect to broadcast most meetings over Zoom at the URL https://us02web.zoom.us/j/85116542425?pwd=MzVDRmZJUVh2NXlObFVkM1N0MCt3Zz09

The seminar meets on Wednesdays, 14:10-15:10, in -101

2023–24–B meetings

May 8 x-y duality in topological recursion, Hurwitz numbers and integrability Boris Bychkov (University of Haifa)

Topological recursion is a remarkable universal recursive procedure that has been found in many enumerative geometry problems, from combinatorics of maps, to random matrices, Gromov-Witten invariants, Hurwitz numbers, Mirzakhani’s hyperbolic volumes of moduli spaces, knot polynomials. A recursion needs an initial data: a spectral curve, and the recursion defines the sequence of invariants of that spectral curve. There is a duality in topological recursion which allows one to obtain closed formulas for the invariants of the recursion and which has implications in free probability theory and integrable hierarchies. In the talk I will survey recent progress in the topic with the examples from Hurwitz numbers theory, Hodge integrals and combinatorics of maps.

The talk is based on the joint works with A. Alexandrov, P. Dunin-Barkowski, M. Kazarian and S. Shadrin.

May 22 Fundamental Groups of Projective Varieties are Finitely Presented Mark Shusterman (Weizmann)

Lara—Srinivas—Stix, building on joint work with Esnalut, have recently shown that the etale fundamental group of a connected proper scheme over an algebraically closed field is topologically finitely presented, thus answering a question raised in SGA. The proof relies on a finite presentation criterion of Lubotzky for profinite groups, resolutions of singularities/alterations, a theorem of Deligne—Ilusie on the Euler characteristic, as well as other modern and classical results in (arithmetic) algebraic geometry.

May 29 Supersingular elliptic curves, quaternion algebras and some applications to cryptography Eyal Goren (McGill University)

Part of the talk is expository: I will explain how supersingular isogeny graphs can be used to construct cryptographic hash functions and survey some of the rich mathematics involved. Then, with this motivation in mind, I will discuss two recent theorems by Jonathan Love and myself. The first concerns the generation of maximal orders by elements of particular norms. The second states that maximal orders of elliptic curves are determined by their theta functions.

Jun 5 Adic Completion, Derived Completion, Prisms, and Weak Proregularity Amnon Yekutieli (Ben Gurion University)

The lecture will start with a few useful (and probably new!) theorems on adic completion of commutative rings and modules. Then I will discuss derived adic completion, in its two flavors: the idealistic and the sequential. The weak proregularity (WPR) condition on an ideal \a in a ring A, which is a subtle generalization of the noetherian condition on the ring A, is a necessary and sufficient condition for the two flavors of derived completion to agree. WPR occurs often in the context of perfectoid theory, and I will finish the talk with theorems relating WPR to prisms.

Typed notes available soon at the bottom of this web page:


Jun 19, 13:10–14:10 TBA Francesco Maria Saettone (Ben Gurion University)

Equidistribution of “special” points is a theme of both analytic and geometric interest in number theory: in this talk I plan to deal with the case of CM points on Shimura curves.

The first part will be devoted to a geometric description of the aforementioned curves and of their moduli interpretation.Subsequently, I plan to sketch an equidistribution result of reduction of CM points in the special fiber of a Shimura curve associated to a ramified quaternion algebra. Time permitting, I will mention how Ratner’s theorem and subconvexity bounds on Fourier coefficients of certain theta series can be used to obtain two different equidistribution results.

Jun 26 Irreducible components of Severi varieties on toric surfaces Michael Barash (Ben Gurion University)

In this talk, I will discuss the irreducibility problem of Severi varieties on toric surfaces. The classical Severi varieties were introduced by Severi almost 100 years ago in the context of Severi’s attempt to provide an algebraic treatment of the irreducibility problem of the moduli spaces of curves. Although, the irreducibility of the moduli spaces was achieved algebraically by Deligne and Mumford in 1969 using completely different techniques, Severi varieties remained in the focus of study of many algebraic geometers including Harris, Fulton, Zariski and others.

In this talk I will present the main result of my M.Sc. Thesis providing a complete description of the irreducible components of the genus-one Severi varieties on toric surfaces.

This work was done under the supervision of Professor Ilya Tyomkin.

Jul 3 Some applications of the profinite completion Ignazio Longhi (University of Turin)

Many estimates for the “size” of a subset of the natural numbers (a “size” usually expressed by some notion of density) come from “local” conditions, like reduction modulo prime powers. The idea can be formalized in terms of the Haar measure on the profinite completion of Z or, in a more refined way, via distributions on this profinite ring. This approach can be easily generalized by replacing Z with the ring of S-integers of any global field. In this talk (based on a number of joint works with L. Demangos and F.M. Saettone), I will discuss how to use these ideas to extend classical results and reformulate long standing conjectures in profinite terms.

Jul 10 Sequences of syzygies, singularity categories and homological conjectures Liran Shaul (Charles University Prague)

The stable module category is obtained from the category of modules over a ring by factoring out the projective modules. In this setting, the syzygy of a module becomes a well defined functor, so for instance, the classical Hilbert’s syzygy theorem, can be stated as saying this functor is nilpotent. In this talk we present some new properties of the syzygy functor over a commutative noetherian ring. We then explain how to associate to the stable category a stabilization, obtaining the singularity category of a ring (or a scheme). Finally, we explain how relations between the stable category and the singularity category are related to some homological conjectures in noncommutative algebra.